There are two types of myopia, namely (a) myopia (myopia) or the child can not see distant objects clearly; and (b) farsightedness (hypermetropia). Children with farsightedness cannot see objects close to clear. Can be overcome by wearing glasses.
Also called the cylindrical eye, the refraction of the eye so that the object seen by children faint or shaded. This is because the refraction tears are split. This vision cannot be treated but can be overcome by wearing glasses.
3. Color Blindness
This disorder is genetic. There are 2 types of color blindness, the partial color blindness (cannot distinguish red-green or yellow-blue), as well as total color blindness (cannot see the color). There is also acquired color blindness (not genetic), ie when a child takes certain drugs, such as drugs for malaria and tuberculosis, for a long time.
Also called a cross-eyed eye. Its characteristics, when the eyes are given a ray then the light reflex is not right in the middle of the pupil, not by seeing the position of the black part of the eye. If not seen immediately treated, these disorders can make children lose binocular vision or depth of perception (three-dimensional vision ability). Children with a family history have large risk strabismus have the same thing. Strabismus can be treated with exercise glasses and surgery.
Conjunctivitis or red eyes occur due to an infection of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane that confines the petals to the eyeball. When it occurs in infants called neonatal conjunctivitis. This is due to a bacterial infection in the birth canal (in a normal born baby)
Also called lazy eye, can be interpreted as a state of the eye when the sharpness of vision does not reach optimal despite the corrected refraction disorder. The cause is a congenital aberration, due to squint, or large refractive strength differences in both eyes. Therapy is given by closing or blurring the good eyes while providing visual stimulation.
Toddlers may develop congenital cataracts due to their mother being infected with a liver while they are pregnant. The baby’s eyes look muddy, looking like a white layer covering his pupils. As a result, the child can not see clearly. This disease can be detected since infancy and can be overcome by surgery.